Research Methods in Social Science Assignment
Order ID:89JHGSJE83839 Style:APA/MLA/Harvard/Chicago Pages:5-10
Research Methods in Social Science Assignment
Running head: SOCIAL SCIENCE 1
SOCIAL SCIENCE 5
Writing Assignment #1
XXXXXX X. XXX
Research Methods in Social Science
21 September 2017
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 1
Social Science research project
The research topic for this project is “The effect of Household Income on Obesity in Children.” This project, therefore, examines whether household income effect obesity in children. Childhood obesity refers to the condition where a child’s health is negatively affected by excess body fat (Kopelman, 2005). Household income is a measure of the combination of all income of individuals sharing a particular residential place. The independent variables (IV) in this research project will be the location, the type of food consumed, and engagement in physical exercise while the dependent variable is obesity in children.
Obesity in children is being recognized as a serious health concern due to its increasing prevalence. It seems like poor kids are more obese than rich kids or kids from a wealthy family. That is, young people coming from an ethnic or racial minority or the ones from the families of lower socioeconomic status seem to gain more weight and take part in less healthy behavior and activities (Ortega et al., 2007). This creates the need to conduct research on the effect of household income on obesity of children.
Generally, the project seeks to answer the question; Does household income contribute to childhood/children obesity? However, the specific questions that the research seeks to answer are: Does location affect childhood obesity? Does the type of food influence childhood obesity? Does engagement in physical exercise contribute to childhood obesity?
The general hypothesis is: Low household income directly contributes to childhood obesity due to the low quality of food consumption, poor location and inadequate or lack of engagement in physical exercise.
A review of the secular trends in the number of obese or overweight kids concludes an increase in prevalence in most countries especially in the low-income countries among the urban areas. This may be attributed to the fact that low household income family cannot afford a high quality of food. According to Allen & Myers (2006), Food choices are primarily influenced by family meals. As the rich change and manage to put up with a healthy diet, the low-income households stick to whatever they can afford. Previous research shows that children from low-income households in the urban areas become more obese since they show poor consumption of fruits, vegetables, and dairy foods.
The target population for this research was young people especially those suffering from obesity. Due to the high number of children with obesity, the research adopted a case study where a sample of children with obesity was selected. The sampling procedure was simple random sampling so that all aspects of the target population was covered. Data were collected from the selected sample by means of observation, filling in questionnaires and interviewing the respondents. These methods allowed for the reach of as many respondents as possible and collection of primary data. Secondary sources such as journals, articles, and other publications were also used to obtain secondary data. The data collected was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively so as to test the laid down hypotheses. Finally, presentation of findings was presented using comparative graphs, tables, pie-charts, and pictures.
The location in which a child lives in is likely to increase the risk of obesity; that is, children in urban areas are more likely to develop the complexity as compared to those in rural areas. This is because those in urban areas are more exposed to fast foods due to the busy schedules of their parents/guardian than those in rural areas. Additionally, children in urban areas enjoy luxuries such as vehicles, bicycles, and motorbikes, and indoor games, thus they do not engage in physically demanding activities. Most specifically, most of the children still go to school, but instead of walking their way, they are driven on a daily basis to-and-from school which prevents them from engaging in physical exercise.
Conclusions and Recommendations
In summary, children obesity is growing from time to time especially among the minority groups. It is also evident that low household income adversely contributes to the prevalence of obesity in children. Just as mentioned in the finding, both location, food consumption, and physical exercise play a role in children obesity. Therefore, it is very important for individuals, parents, families, communities, and nations at large to prevent or reduce the prevalence of obesity in children.
Various recommendations that can be implemented include parents encouraging their kids to engage in more physical activity, changing the eating habits of the family eats together, for instance, avoiding soft drinks (James & Kerr, 2005), legislation to allow kids too often make food choices and lastly, sponsored anti-child obesity campaigns across the communities and centers.
Allen, R.E. & Myers, A.L. (2006). Nutrition in toddlers. American Family Physicians.
James, J. & Kerr, D. (2005). Prevention of childhood obesity by reducing soft drinks.
International Journal of Obesity (London). 29(2): 54-57.
Kopelman, P.G. (2005). Clinical obesity in adults and children: In adults and children.
Ortega, F.B., Ruiz, J.R., Castillo, M.J., Sjostrom, M. (2007). Physical fitness in childhood and
Adolescence: A powerful marker of health. International Journal of Obesity (London).