Spanish painter and sculptor assignment
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Spanish painter and sculptor assignment
“Life of Art”
Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter and sculptor who considered one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. As an innovator and artist, Picasso laid the foundations of Cubism in France along with Georges Braque between 1907 and 1914.
He was born on October 20, 1881, in Malaga, Spain. His father is an art instructor who specializes in bird painting. Picasso showed his interested in painting since an early age. After much diligence in painting, he became more talented than his father. He completed his first painting, La Picador, when he was eight years old. Around this time, his youngest sister died. After this tragic event, the family moved to Barcelona. Here, his father, Ruiz, convinced the school administration to admit Picasso to an advanced entrance exam which He impressed all teachers. Shortly afterwards, Picasso’s father decided to send him to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, San Fernando in Madrid, the most prestigious art school in the country. Picasso was married twice and had four children from three women. He died on 8 April 1973 in France.
Introduction and Styles
Picasso’s early works can be categorized into four periods:
- The Blue period (1901-1904): After the death of his friend Carlos, Picasso entered a period of art called the blue period. In this period, we can see a deep sadness. In his paintings, he emphasizes the themes of poverty, prostitution, and drunks. The blue period consists of gloomy paintings depicted in shades of blue and blue green.
- The period of the Rose: It began in 1905 and lasted until 1907. Pink and red colors predominate. During these years, he painted mostly traveling circus artists – comedians, dancers. Picasso’s paintings were much more lively and cheerful, and this was caused by romance. He met Fernande Olivier, who became his mistress. She appeared in many of his paintings from his pink period.
- The period influenced by Africa or the African period and primitivism (1908-1909): The period of Picasso’s work, which was influenced by African traditional art, began with his painting “The Ladies of Avignon”. Picasso painted this picture under the influence of Iberian sculpture but painted the face of two of the figures on the right after being impressed by an African mask he saw in 1907 in the ethnographic museum of the Trocadero Palace.
- Cubism (1909-1919): Cubism is an avant-garde movement that forever changes the face of European painting and sculpture. He challenged conventional, realistic forms of art through the establishment of Cubism, by develop a new style, and Cubism is how he achieved this goal. Picasso did not feel that art should copy nature. He began to pay more attention to shape instead of colors, paying special attention to geometric shapes and blocks. Picasso’s cubism can be divided into two: analytical and synthetic cubism.
Cubism opened-up almost infinite new possibilities for the treatment of visual reality in art and was the starting point for many later abstract styles including constructivism and neo-plasticism.
The Weeping Woman
The painting completed in 1937. The meaning of the “Weeping Woman” represents the civil war in Spain. The woman on the canvas is formally dressed, as though as at a funeral. She represents the harrowing grief experienced by mothers or sisters who following the death of a loved one during these wartimes. Here, the focus is on the pain and suffering endured by innocent civilians. The strategically placed tears, the blue chattering teeth and piercing black eyes display a woman deeply upset. The woman’s face has jagged lines and a jaw that seems to remove itself. We face a combination of bright colors and dark hues that represent both the shock and the death that surrounds this woman. The canvas is not large (608 x 500 mm) and was completed within two weeks.
The Weeping Woman is the final portrayal in a series of painful images. This was his response to the terror-bombing of civilians during the Spanish Civil War. After completed the mural painting, Picasso spent many months creating a series of additional images of “Weeping Women” based on one of the figures which appeared in Guernica. Weeping Woman is an iconic image of unspeakable grief and pain also representing universal suffering.
La Vie is composed of 4 main elements in shades of blue – a color traditionally associated with sadness. On the left, there is a naked couple facing the mother holding the baby in her arms. In the middle of the wall behind two sets of figures there are two paintings, one above the other. The lower part depicts a naked, sad woman, and the upper part depicts a pair of naked lovers who seem to hold each other for comfort. It was painted at a time when Picasso was not financially successful. Unlike the others at the time, this painting was sold only a month after it was completed and purchased by French art dealer.
The background and significance of the problem and a clear statement of the research purpose is provided. The search history is mentioned.
Content is well-organized with headings for each slide and bulleted lists to group related material as needed. Use of font, color, graphics, effects, etc. to enhance readability and presentation content is excellent. Length requirements of 10 slides/pages or less is met.
More depth/detail for the background and significance is needed, or the research detail is not clear. No search history information is provided.
Review of relevant theoretical literature is evident, but there is little integration of studies into concepts related to problem. Review is partially focused and organized. Supporting and opposing research are included. Summary of information presented is included. Conclusion may not contain a biblical integration.
Content is somewhat organized, but no structure is apparent. The use of font, color, graphics, effects, etc. is occasionally detracting to the presentation content. Length requirements may not be met.
The background and/or significance are missing. No search history information is provided.
Review of relevant theoretical literature is evident, but there is no integration of studies into concepts related to problem. Review is partially focused and organized. Supporting and opposing research are not included in the summary of information presented. Conclusion does not contain a biblical integration.
There is no clear or logical organizational structure. No logical sequence is apparent. The use of font, color, graphics, effects etc. is often detracting to the presentation content. Length requirements may not be met
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