Improving Police Forces to Develop Tourism
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Improving Police Forces to Develop Tourism
Running head: IMPROVING POLICE FORCES TO DEVELOP TOURISM 1
IMPROVING POLICE FORCES TO DEVELOP TOURISM 3
Improving Police Forces to Develop Tourism
Tourism has become identified as a generator of terror attacks, thus a significant concern of the central and state government. Terror attacks have considerably implicated the social and economic conditions of numerous countries, especially Thailand. For instance, resort facilities in Thailand act as target sites for offenders. Empirical studies on crime and tourism posit that several hospitality facilities face high average rates of crime and that airports and airlines in Thailand are not free from security breaches (Beirman 2015). As a result, tourists and travelers become victimized disproportionally. However, in some instances, tourists have become identified to facilitate or cause disorder or crime problems. This paper explores the implication of terror attacks on the tourism sector and how the incorporation of special police forces as a public security strategy can mitigate the terror incidences. Enhancing the growth of the tourism sector calls for the establishment of Special Police units and measures geared towards limiting or eradicating insecurity concerns, thus maintaining the safety of individuals visiting the country as tourists.
Sites of tourism have become much exposed to terror attacks and hence, a vital concern of the state and national government. The issue of insecurity hinders the expansion and growth of the tourism industry and thus calls for police forces to work in alliance with local authorities to mitigate terror attacks. Riley (2015) posits that tourism has continuously increased revenue generation with years and is a considerable drive for economic development. In 2017, tourism generated $54 billion in revenue. Argument by Hadler et al. (2019) shows that these numbers rose to $58 billion in 2018. There is a strong need to protect both domestic and international tourists. The Thailand police force, therefore, need to play an essential role in promoting tourism. Alleviation of such concerns requires the development and assessment of effective responses by policymakers.
Fig. 1 Tourism and Economic Development
Mawby et al. (2015) argue in his studies that security improvement in the hospitality sector entails developing special tourism police. Tourists need to receive considerable attention from policymakers, thus the need for additional police support. Select units of tourist police should get established in vast tourists. They support the victims and play a vital role in responding to tourists’ need for security information, providing practical and emotional support. The involvement of the enforcement team also involves the establishment of preventive patrols or select police units. Their sole role entails executing enforcement and punitive measures on tourist offenders.
Alternative findings posit that the Thailand police force had become hesitant in their positive response to tourist victims who they considered careless and naïve (Mawby, 2016). In certain instances, the establishment of a special police task force in a given tourist region can become insufficient. Typically, some terror incidences or crimes that transpire within tourism facilities become generated by tourism. However, conventional tourists are a significant source of a country’s revenue. They are the responsibility of the agencies in law enforcement, hence the need for security and special treatment. Besides, the publicity regarding the terror attacks faced by tourists deters subsequent visits, therefore negatively impacting the local economy. The police units, based on specialized areas, in this case, tourist areas, works in collaboration with the industry to increase patrols in hotspot regions that are prone to crime.
Conversely, the connectedness of crime reduction and police patrols affirms the essence of increasing police patrols in a region. This approach is an essential means of mitigating crime and terror attacks within tourism facilities. It entails the establishment of task force broken down to private police, conventional police, as well as select tourism police units. The enforcement bodies are responsible for the security at amusement attractions, inclusive resorts, tourism complexes, and the hotel at large. Protecting these hotel facilities is a target hardening alternative of mitigating a dread attack. Environmental design can become used by the police force to enhance security.
Moreover, crime may become worsened by design. Poorly lit regions, insufficient public surveillance of walkways, and poor defensible qualities facilitate crime in tourist areas. Mawby et al. (2015) argue that the prevention of crime requires bright identification of spaces as “private” through symbolic or actual barriers. On the other hand, semi-public and public hotel facilities are visible and get policed by the residents. Besides, conspicuously dressed citizen patrols in public amenities can supplement the presence of police units and aid in informing tourists hence, discouraging crime. However, this approach requires well-informed citizens with instant communication regarding tourists’ concerns.
Recent studies affirm that the establishment of street lights within and around tourist areas considerably inhibits the occurrence of crime. As a result, tourists feel relatively safe and insulated from threats of misconduct by the locals. Police forces can harden security in such tourist areas through the incorporation of technology improvements. For instance, the establishment of sophisticated CCTV technology, as well as improved lighting in the streets, enhanced monitoring, and surveillance. This approach ascertains the protection of tourists in public and semi-public facilities. Law enforcement teams, local government, and tourism industry can collaborate to enhance street lighting in areas frequently visited by tourists. They can fit CCT cameras in hotspots of crime and facilitate scrutiny of property lockers, locks, and door bolts. Also, the police force can ensure the security of both private and public facilities by conducting property marking and thoroughly assessing the effectivity of burglar alarms, timers, and sensors. These developments in the physical environment can inconsiderable reduced the possibilities of tourist terror attacks/crimes (ASU).
Terror attacks have significantly implicated the activities of the Thailand economy, especially the growth and expansion of Tourism. The episodes of terror call for improved security through the actions and strategies executed by special police units/forces or law enforcement authorities. Police Force ensures community protection by detecting and preventing the occurrence of a terror attack or crime within tourist facilities/areas. Effective protocols, prescreening, advance information base, and risk assessment procedures significantly detect terror attacks. Special tourist police is a significant development of public security and can effectively mitigate concerns of terror attacks in the tourism industry. Changing the environmental design, conduction of surveillance at high-risk areas, and the use of patrols by public residents as a supplement can dramatically decrease opportunities for crime. Therefore, the establishment of law enforcement measures geared towards eradicating insecurity concerns enhances the growth of the tourism sector.
Arizona State University (ASU). Center for Problem-Oriented Policing: Responses to the Problem of Crimes Against Tourists. Arizona: Arizona State University. Retrieved on November 20, 2019. From, <https://popcenter.asu.edu/content/crimes-against-tourists-page-3>
Beirman, D. (2015). “Tourism and terror in Thailand.” Retrieved on November 20, 2019. From, <https://www.newmandala.org/tourism-and-terror-in-thailand/>
Hadler, O. H., de Fátima Guareschi, N. M., & Scisleski, A. C. C. (2019). Observances: psychology, community safekeeping strategies, and confined infancy. Revista Pesquisas e Práticas Psicossociais, 12(6), 12.
Mawby, R. I. (2016). Policing policies in cities dependent on tourism: Developing an evidence-based approach. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 18(3), 195–205.
Mawby, RKwaku Boakye & Carol Jones (2015) Policing tourism: the emergence of specialist units, Policing and Society, 25:4, 378-392.
Riley, G. (2015). “Tourism and Economic Development.” Retrieved on November 26, 2019. From, <https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/reference/tourism-and-economic-development>